Tag Archives: E-Cigarette Research

Study on Indoor Vaping: Unlikely to Pose a Risk

Indoor Vaping StudyAccording to the latest research, indoor vaping is unlikely to be a health threat to those within the vicinity. The ongoing debate regarding vaping indoors has recently been tested by a study that examines indoor air quality before and after usage, conducted by three educational research institutions from Europe, ETH Zurich the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.

Kaunas University of Technology in Lithuania, and the EMPA Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology.

The findings have been remarkable, and they offer an exceptional range of data that has never before been available on the subject. The study was recently presented at a conference focused on research dedicated to indoor air quality in Barcelona Spain, and it is groundbreaking because this type of data was nonexistent prior.

The research specifically tested air quality risk to bystanders and non-vapors when exposed to vapor that has just been exhaled. The most groundbreaking aspect of the study found that the particulates of the e-liquid vapor dissipated in mere seconds after exhalation, which results in an extraordinarily low level of risk to those who are exposed to the vapor once it has been exhaled. Additionally this research throws a major monkey wrench into the argument of comparing e-cigarette vapor and tobacco smoke, likening the two as the same byproduct. For vapers, this is a major win because it adds evidence to the equation, where there was nothing more than educated speculation before.

Different scenarios were tested, involving rooms with and without ventilation systems, to see if the effect of the vapor’s dissipation was varying between them, however the researchers discovered the same results from both environments.

Tobacco smoke, is obviously the results of burnt plant matter, tobacco. It is laced with thousands of chemicals, and leaves behind a toxic tar. These particulates are extremely dangerous, and they accumulate over time once exhaled, lingering in the air. In contrast to vapor, in which the aerosol particles exist only for a few seconds afterwards, renders any such comparison between vapor and smoke, especially in regards to the secondhand affect, are completely void.

So, another positive study on the effects of vaping in the books. We are elated that such research is coming to light, and further adding to the credibility of this exciting, emerging industry!

CDC Study Shows Nonsmokers Are Not into Vapor

CDC Data on E-Cigarette UseYou are probably aware of the long-standing rumor among electronic cigarette critics that claims the popularity of e-cigarettes is promoting the products to the point of re-normalizing smoking, and will be luring in nonsmokers to become tobacco users. Yes, as farfetched as this is, it is an ongoing myth. However, to the benefit of those who are aware of how e-cigarettes are actually used, and to clarify the situation to all the misguided anti-e-cig folks out there, the CDC recently published a study, done by the National Health Interview Study, providing statistics on the electronic cigarette usage habits of smokers and nonsmokers. Suffice it to say, the evidence has completely buried the argument of e-cigarettes being a threat to the nonsmoking community, as well as shedding light on how smokers are using electronic cigarettes.

This study offers the most conclusive evidence, with hard statistics on the habits of smokers, recently quit nonsmokers, and ex-cigarette smokers, and we applaud the CDC for taking such a progressively common sense stance on the matter.

Stats of Note:

  • 12.6% of American adults have tried an e-cigarette at least once
  • 3.7% of American adults use e-cigarette devices regularly, minimally some days.
  • 47% of smokers & 55% of recently-quit former smokers have tried a vapor device at least once
  • 15.9% of smokers & 22% of recently-quit former smokers use e-cigarettes somewhat regularly
  • Less than 0.4% of electronic cigarette users were nonsmokers prior to trying them

*Also noteworthy: the study also found that tobacco users who currently smoke cigarette who had also attempted to quit smoking in the past year were more likely to  use vapor devices in their strategy to quit smoking.

Considering these are statistics taken from a legitimate study, the findings are pretty interesting, right? While there is the slightest hairline of a fraction of a percentage of nonsmokers who have actually been turned on to vaping, this figure is extremely small, and certainly not notable enough to convince anyone that electronic cigarettes are a threat to the non smoking community. The bottom line here is that the vast majority of those using e-cigarettes are doing so to avoid tobacco, and nonsmokers are absolutely not in danger of becoming the next big smoking demographic as a result of vapor products; we are quite pleased the CDC is recognizing this data.  

E-Cigarettes and Evidence-Based Research

Evidence Based E-Cigarette ResearchOne of the things we are happy this industry is seeing a lot of these days is evidence-based research. It can be confounding that studies such as the unfairly biased, seriously erroneous item published in the New England Journal of Medicine could have been released so inconclusively by a major and reputable publication, however to the benefit of the industry, and everyone involved, there is plenty of other research emerging, from trusted sources, with all the facts included.

It can be very frustrating to a movement such as the e-cigarette industry, when misconstrued reports, half-truths, and twisted facts are published as truth. We want the truth, as do the millions of people who use these products, as well as the millions of other smokers who are interested yet waiting for more research and evidence.

Luckily, there have been several excellent recent studies that dispel many of the common myths of electronic cigarettes, while debunking some of the fraudulent truth-bending, and helping to promote the need for more evidence-based research.

One of the best examples of such is a 2014 study that included 1300 college students in America. Its purpose was to examine the myth of electronic cigarettes being touted as a gateway to smoking. It’s findings? That e-cigarettes do not lead to traditional cigarette usage.

Another great example is a study published by Oxford Journal, that examined exactly what could be found in secondhand vapor. The study was conducted by 6 doctors performing a variety of different tests to obtain their data. The results concluded that some nicotine was present (in trace amounts, precisely), however there were no combustible toxins.

In addition, there have been many other studies published, as well as those in the works, aiming to make clear how electronic cigarettes affect the body, especially in regard to the heart and lungs. One recent study done by The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health found that vaping does not affect the heart. Another study done by researchers in Greece found that e-cigarettes did not negatively affect the lungs either.

So what this means for the e-cigarette industry, is that while these studies may be coming slowly, and research may be in its infancy, evidence is emerging in favor of e-cigarettes and proving the negative speculation wrong.

Teens and E-Liquids: On the Subject of Flavors

E-Cigs Are Not a GatewayYou’ve probably heard discussion on the effectiveness and responsibility of the e-cigarette industry regarding teen usage. It has long been argued that electronic cigarettes are problematic, and attempting to market to underage users with the promise of sweet and candy flavored liquids. How true is this, though, in the grand scheme of reality?

Tobacco lobbyists have been touting that e-liquid flavors are a danger to teens because they make smoking more appealing. They have attempted to use this argument for years now, claiming that by having access to “fun” flavors, teens will be more likely to start using electronic cigarettes. However, it’s really important to take a look at teen usage of cigarettes and e-cigarettes, and understand what is really encouraging youth to get into nicotine.

A study recently published by the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research looked further into this subject, and the findings were certainly interesting. They cast a much-needed light on the subject, and examined teen smoking from a variety of angles. What was essentially concluded is that teens are not getting into smoking, with either traditional cigarettes or electronic, due to the enticement of flavors. Most get into smoking cigarettes out of curiosity, rebellion, and to match their peers’ perceived edginess. So even though the multitude of flavors appeals to adults looking to switch to electronic smoking, they view the products as the alternative to the conventional. On the other hand, teens are not swayed by the flavors, and most who turn to vaping are doing so in an attempt to stop smoking traditional cigarettes.

Yes, it is true that young people like fancy and sweet flavors. So do adults. And in that light, it must be taken into account that most teens who begin smoking, are not being lured into the tobacco trap with candy-flavored cigarettes. They are using traditional tobacco and menthol cigarettes, both of which are acquired tastes. So what is the problem with electronic cigarettes? Considering they appeal more to adults, and those who are not exactly interested in starting up the habit, it is simply a falsehood to say they are being marketed to impressionable youth.

Formaldehyde and Electronic Cigarettes: The Lowdown

Formaldehyde and E-CigarettesAn e-cigarette news story broke last week and it sent the industry into an uproar. Surely, in the past few days, you’ve encountered headlines denouncing electronic cigarettes, claiming a new “study showed they produce more formaldehyde than traditional cigarettes. Scary headline, no doubt, however the article that was published in the New England Journal of Medicine was incomplete, and did not take into account a variety of factors.

What wasn’t covered in this article were several instances of truth. Dr. Konstantino Farsalinos, one of the foremost researchers involved in the study of electronic cigarettes, published a counter study, analyzing and discussing the omissions, as well as the realistic way such electronic cigarette devices would actually be used.

Here is our take on the subject matter, because as leaders in this industry, this is not a story we take lightly. Scientific research is one thing, blatant misinformation is another, and electronic cigarette users, as well as the mass public, deserve the truth.

The study published discussed the use of a variable voltage e-cigarette device, the brand make and model were not disclosed, and whether or not formaldehyde was released in the aerosol of the vapor during use.

Set to two different settings, during the lower of which: 3.3 volts (6-7 watts), vaporizing 5ml of liquid at 4 seconds per puff, no formaldehyde was produced. When switched up to 5 volts (14-16 watts), using the same limit of 4 seconds per puff, the device produced a tremendous amount of formaldehyde hemiacetals in the vapor.

What the study did not discuss was that formaldehyde hemiacetals are not the same as true formaldehyde; they are compounds consisting of formaldehyde and alcohols. There is also no evidence to support them to be toxic, or carcinogenic like formaldehyde.

The study also did not consider how users typically use variable voltage devices. Yes, they have the capability of running at such a high volt, however most users do not use them as such because it causes such high heat, that the atomizer will overheat, producing foul tasting vapor, that the majority of users would not be able to stomach. Set to a normal setting, 3.3 volts, no formaldehyde hemiacetals are produced, and this is the typical setting most users are using, and therefore not exposing themselves to unnecessary or unwanted formaldehyde.

Case in point: carcinogens can be found everywhere; from children’s toys (remember the uproar over lead contained in toys from China?), polluted air, to overcooked meat (hello, BBQ-lovers!). It is more important than ever to be an educated consumer. When it comes to electronic cigarettes and formaldehyde in vapor, read between the lines!

New Study Shows E-Cigarettes Can Curb Tobacco Cravings

E-Cigarettes are the Sensible AlternativeA new study published in Time has found that electronic cigarette use can help reduce tobacco cravings. Considering how electronic cigarettes work, it comes as no surprise to vapers that studies are now confirming what they’ve already experienced.

Researchers at KU Leuven studied 48 smokers who had no intentions to quit smoking for the duration of eight months. The smokers were divided into three groups with two vaping and smoking cigarettes for the two first months, while the third group was only allowed to smoke traditional tobacco cigarettes. The study’s main focus was to see if electronic cigarettes were able to decrease the smokers’ urge to smoke tobacco or if it removed the urge to smoke entirely.

The second stage of the study was published in the International Journal of Environmental Research on Public Health and during this phase, the third group used e-cigarettes.

The common result seen across all groups was that the number of tobacco cigarettes decreased by 60%. Other findings that emerged from the study showed that long-term smokers are most likely to trade their traditional cigarettes for the electronic counterpart, with 21% of the group having stopped smoking tobacco completely, with an additional 23% of smokers reducing the number of tobacco cigarettes they consumed per day by 50%.

It is quite well-known that electronic cigarettes usually contain nicotine (depending on the user’s preferences of nicotine level, or lack thereof) however, they do not contain tobacco or the many chemical toxins found in   traditional cigarettes. The study reported that e-cigarettes typically contain anywhere from 100 to 1000 times less toxic substances than traditional cigarettes, making them an obvious option for those looking to avoid such exposure.

“With guidance on practical use, the nicotine e-cig offers many smokers a successful alternative for smoking less – or even quitting altogether,” said Professor Frank Baeyens, who led the study. “E-cig users get the experience of smoking a cigarette and inhale nicotine vapor, but do not suffer the damaging effects of a tobacco cigarette.”

This is just one of many studies currently being done on the effectiveness and benefits of electronic cigarettes. The alternative of the smoke-free lifestyle, even with nicotine, is proving extremely beneficial to many smokers. Many e-smokers are certain this is the future of smoking, and studies such as this, prove we are on the right path.

Research Indicating Vapor Cigarettes as Less Harmful than Tobacco

urlAs the debate continues on whether electronic cigarettes are truly better than tobacco cigarettes, studies are constantly being done. To the chagrin of the tobacco industry and lobbyists who are against e-smoking, the newest batch of scientific research is suggesting that e-cigarettes are most likely, less harmful than traditional tobacco cigarettes.

There is no getting around the fact that tobacco is proven to cause a variety of different cancers, heart problems, lung problems, and all varieties of other health issues; it has not been proven, however, that electronic cigarettes can be attributed to any of these issues, in any way. Most likely as a result of containing no tobacco, producing no tar or smoke.

The most recent research was done by an international team which examined 81 different studies that focused on a number of issues dealing with vapor cigarettes. Some of these areas included the number and types of chemicals found in the e-liquids and produced in the vapor, in addition to safety issues, and e-cigarette usage among both non-smokers and smokers alike.

Following the review of all of this information, the scientists agreed that their findings showed that risks to those within the vicinity of the vapor and those directly using the products are at much less of a risk than those who are in direct contact of conventional tobacco cigarettes. They do make it clear, however, that there still remains a risk for people with respiratory problems, and the effects of e-cigarette smoking are not known at this time for those with respiratory illnesses.

Another important aspect that was concluded from the studies is that there are far fewer toxins to be found in vapor cigarettes, compared to those in tobacco cigarettes. Tobacco cigarettes contain literally thousands of different toxins, many of which are added to the filters and the tobacco that is smoked. The number of ingredients in nicotine e-liquids tend to be very minimal and most reputable companies will disclose the ingredients of their liquids.

The scientists who participated in these studies have concluded that there is evidence at this time to show that breathing in vaporized liquid nicotine, compared to breathing in nicotine that comes from tobacco smoke is a much healthier and safer option.

Another issue that these scientists addressed are the rumors surrounding teens and young adults who use electronic cigarettes. They stated that electronic cigarettes are very unlikely to be used as a gateway to traditional tobacco products; in fact the opposite is true. Most people who use electronic cigarettes have turned to them as an alternative away from traditional tobacco products, not as a means of starting to smoke. Simply, they do not lure teens and young adults into using tobacco.

Of course research has only just begun in regards to electronic cigarettes, however it is extremely positive that research continues to prove the usefulness and positive benefits of using alternatives, as opposed to tobacco. As a burgeoning, yet highly successful industry, scientists are very optimistic about these products and their benefits towards people in terms of health. The future for smokers is looking rather promising, indeed!

New Study: E-Cigarette Benefits Overshadowing Risk

safe_imageA study done by the  Center for the Study of Tobacco Products at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Va, in part funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and published in Addiction, has concluded that the benefits of using electronic cigarettes over traditional cigarettes outweigh any possible negatives associated with the products. Furthermore, additional commentary from the results of this study include researchers stating that harsh restrictions and regulations of e-cigarettes are not necessary, as they have the potential to enable users to possibly avoid tobacco-related illnesses, based on evidence.

In addition to this study, researchers also based their findings on examining 81 prior studies done on these electronic alternatives to traditional cigarettes.

Currently, regulatory agencies throughout the world are debating the merits of e-cigarettes, and how they should be regulated, as well as how strict regulations should be. Some feel that because these products are still rather new and have yet to be studied in depth, we do not yet know the true, long term effects they may cause. Others however, including many within the international scientific community, feel that regardless, as an alternative, these products are more useful than traditional cigarettes and have less risk than tobacco smoking.

“If there are any risks, these will be many times lower than the risks of smoking tobacco. We need to think carefully about how these products are regulated. What we found is that there is no evidence that these products should be regulated as strictly as tobacco, or even more strictly than tobacco” said Dr. Hayden McRobbie, of the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine at Queen Mary University of London, and the senior author of this particular study.

Dr. McRobbie also went on to say that based on the evidence of their findings, there also is no proof that the vapor emitted from electronic cigarettes causes any harm to those who are breathing it in, whether they are users or bystanders (contrary to the second-hand smoke/vapor claim).

Research is a great thing, and all who are involved in the electronic cigarette industry are pleased that further positive findings continue to emerge regularly. This will only benefit the future of e-cigarette use for businesses, individuals, and all who see the promise in these products.

New E-Cigarette Study: Gateway to Freedom, not Smoking

julia_louis_dreyfus_e_cig_a_lIn a recent study done by the Harvard School of Public Health, assessing 26,500 smokers across Europe found that according to their usage, electronic cigarettes are not a gateway to tobacco by any means. As expected, and as most users would explain, the researchers found that those who use electronic alternatives to cigarettes turn to the products to get away from tobacco usage, and not the other way around.

This study was the largest ever of its kind published in the EU, and it revealed that merely 1% of nonsmokers had tried an e-cigarette type product, also representing that the products do not appeal to nonsmokers, and that they have very little allure to those who are not interested in smoking in general. 20% of smokers in the study had tried an electronic cigarette product at least once, while 4% of former smokers had tried them. An overall estimate from the Harvard study puts the number of people in the European Union who have at least tried e-cigarettes at 29 million.

While the researched showed that the majority of e-cigarette smokers were young, in the 15-24 age bracket, it also revealed that they were all previously heavy smokers who were looking for an alternative to tobacco usage.

One of the leading professional voices in the international medical community who supports electronic cigarette usage, Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos, a cardiologist at the Onassis Cardiac Surgery Centre in Athens, Greece commented on the findings of the study as further proof that electronic cigarettes are not attempting to renormalize smoking. He stated that the products are not drawing in nonsmokers, as the findings of this study prove that nonsmokers have little interest in adopting usage. Current smokers see them as an alternative to tobacco, and that is the general consensus of how they are perceived.

As e-cigarettes grow in popularity, they have become a hot button subject in terms of public health. In a report done by Public Health England in May, and recently when an international committee of scientists urged the World Health Organization to consider their stance on e-cigarettes very cautiously as they present a very valid opportunity in terms of public health issues in helping smokers veer away from tobacco use, more and more research and advocacy is coming to light in favor of e-cigarettes and the options they provide to assist smokers. As this study, and surely more in the future will show, electronic cigarettes are having a very positive impact on smokers throughout the world.

The Science Behind Switching

79365658-woman-smokingA recent study done by Robert West of University College London’s epidemiology and public health department, and published by Yahoo! Tech reported that electronic cigarettes are very effective at helping smokers switch to the smokeless alternative, and helping them steer completely away from tobacco use. This study concluded with a success rate of 60% for users when switching to e-cigarettes, in comparison to using other methods including nicotine patches, gum, or without any methods of assistance. Funded by the Cancer Research UK, and published in the journal Addiction, West surveyed smokers between 2009 and 2014 who attempted to quit smoking without the use of prescription drugs or the help of professionals.

The study was performed on 6,000 smokers over a period of 5 years, and the results suggest that electronic cigarettes have the potential to significantly assist in cutting down cigarette smoking rates, and as a result, assist in reducing tobacco-related illnesses and mortality rates.

As it is common knowledge, cigarette smoke-related diseases are plentiful, including numerous types of cancer, a variety of different respiratory illnesses, and cardiovascular diseases. In relation to public health, electronic cigarettes have the ability to improve and enhance public health because of their ability to assist smokers in switching to a tobacco-free method of obtaining nicotine.

20% of the people in the survey stopped smoking traditional cigarettes entirely when aided by electronic cigarettes, compared to 10% of those in the study who used nicotine patches and gum, and 15% whose success was based on their willpower alone, without additional methods of assistance.

While public opinion varies about the success rates and true abilities of electronic cigarettes assisting smokers with switching, many smokers have achieved excellent results when switching to electronic cigarettes based on their ability to control many factors of the experience, including how much nicotine they consume, how often they smoke, and how long each smoking session is. What this study shows is that e-cigarettes are a valid alternative to traditional tobacco products, and many smokers have achieved great success when switching because they provide all the same sensations, in a smoke and tobacco-free format.

If you are interested in learning more about different electronic cigarette products that are available, feel free to browse International Vapor Group’s different brands, all of which offer high quality alternatives to traditional cigarettes.